PLACES TO VISIT IN JODHPUR
PLACES TO VISIT IN JODHPUR – (The blue city) is the second largest city in the Rajasthan state of india, and Jodhpur is A second metropolitan city of the Rajasthan state also. The Blue City was formerly the seat of a princely state (Riyasat) of the (JODHPUR) same name.
Jodhpur (The Blue City) was the capital of The Kingdom Of Marwar since 1450, And now Marwar is a part of Rajasthan. Jodhpur (The Blue City) is a most popular tourism destination of Rajasthan state, Featuring many palaces, temples, forts, Rajmahals and the most popular Thar Desert.
Jodhpur (The Blue City) located near the geographic centre of the Rajasthan, This geographically centre location makes it a best convenient haunt for tourism in a zone much more frequented by visitors (tourist).
And many research centre and research institutionsalso located in The Blue City like Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI), Desert Medicine Research Centre (DMRC), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Arid Forest Research Institute (AAFRI) etc.
HISTORY OF JODHPUR
JODHPUR (THE BLUE CITY) was founded by Maharja Rao Jodha in year 1459, maharja Rao Jodha was a Rajput Chief of the Rathore family. Rao Jodha was succeeded in won the nearby area and like this founded a kingdom which known as Kingdom Of Marwar.
Jodhpur (The Blue City) was located on the important linking road Delhi to Gujarat. this adequate it to earn profit from a thriving trade in sandalwood, silk, dates, copper, opium and many more other tradeable goods.
In year 1581 after the death of Maharaj Rao Chandrasen Rathore, The Marwar kingdom was captured by the mughal king (Maharaja) Akbar, Marwar kingdom like this become a mughal grantee owing fidelity to them whereas enjoying self government.
Jodhpur and its people benefitted from this display of the wider world as new styles of art and architecture made their presence and opened up opportunities for local traders to make their mark across North India.
Aurangzeb expanded the kingdom in year 1679 after the death of Maharaja Jaswant Singh, but former ruler Maharaja Ajit Singh was enthroned by Veer Durgadas Rathore and Aurangzeb died in year 1707 and a great struggle of 30 years.
HISTORY OF JODHPUR
The Mughal empire declined gradually after 1707, but the Jodhpur court was beset by intrigue rather than benefiting from the circumstances, marched into the Marwar conflict and invited the Marathas to intervene, which soon gave the Mughals the suzerainty of the region.
Suppressed as. This did not make for stability or peace, however – 50 years of wars and treaties dissolved the wealth of the state, which sought the help of the British and entered into a subsidiary alliance with them.
There was a major revolt in 1857, with some Rathore nobles of Pali led by Thakur Kushal Singh of Auwa, however, the rebels under Colonel Holmes were defeated by the British army and peace was restored. During the British rule, Jodhpur was the largest land in the state near Jodhpur state in Rajputana.
Jodhpur prospered under the peace and stability that was the hallmark of this era. The land area of the state was 93,424 km2 (36,071 sq mi), with a population of 44,73,759 in year 1901. It received an estimated revenue of £ 3,529,000.
Its merchants, Marwaris, continued to thrive and came to a position of dominance in trade throughout India. In 1947, when India became independent from british rule, the state merged into the Union of India and Jodhpur (The Blue City) became the second largest city of Rajasthan state.
At the time of partition, the ruler of Jodhpur, Hanwant Singh, did not want to join India, but ultimately, due to the effective persuasion of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the then home minister, the state of Jodhpur was included in the Indian Republic. Later it was incorporated within the state of Rajasthan after the State Reorganization Act, 1956.
PLACES TO VISIT IN JODHPUR
The most notable Places to visit in Jodhpur are
- Mehrangarh Fort
- Umaid Bhawan Palace
- Jaswant Thada
- Ghanta Ghar or Clock Tower
- Fort Auva
- Kayalana Lake
- Balsamand Lake
- Mandaleshwar Mahadev Temple (Mandalnath)
- Ratanada Ganesh Temple
- ISKCON Temple
- Sardar Samand Lake
- Masuria Hills
- Veer Durgadas Memorial (Monument, Park) .
- Bhima Bharaka Cave.
- Other attractions of the people are the antiques, foodstuffs market, traditional clothes and traditional shoes (also known as Jodhpuri Mojri) held in Jodhpur.
MYSTERY OF MEHRANGARH FORT
MEHRANGARGH FORT – Mehrangarh Fort is located in Jodhpur in Rajasthan, one of the largest forts in India. Built around 1459 by Rao Jodha, the fort is located 410 feet (125 m) from the city and is enclosed by thick and large walls.
There are many intricate carvings and huge courtyards within its boundaries. A winding road comes and goes downstream from the city. Traces of the impact of the cannons fired by attacking the forces of Jaipur can still be seen at the second gate.
To the left of the fort is the chhatri of Kirat Singh Soda, who fell while defending Mehrangarh. there are total seven gates in mehrangarh fort, Including Jayapol (‘Victory Gate‘) built by Maharaja Man Singh for the victory of the Jaipur and Bikaner armies.
In one part of the fort’s museum, there is a selection of old royal palanquins, including the elaborate domed Mahadol palanquin, which was won in 1730 in a battle with the Governor of Gujarat. The museum showcases weapons, costumes, paintings and the heritage of the Rathore in the adorned period.
A year after arriving at the throne, Jodha decided to relocate his capital to a safe place in Jodhpur, as the Mandore Fort, a thousand years old, was no longer believed to provide adequate security. With the trusted assistance of Rao Nara (son of Rao Samara), the Mewar army marched into Mandore.
With him, Rao Jodha gave the title of Dewan to Rao Nara. With the help of Rao Nara, the base of the fort was fixed on 12 May 1459 by Jodha on a rocky hill 9 kilometers (5.6 mi) south of Mandore village.
That hill was known as “Bhakarcheeria” means (the mountain of birds). According to legend for the construction of the fort, he had to displace the only human habitation of the hill, a preacher named Chiriya Nathji, the lord of birds. Cheeria nath ji was a monk with local peoples as his followers, and he was influential in the local population.
when maharaja requested to move him but he clearly refused. he did this many times. Rao Jodha then took extreme measures and would like to help from an other powerful female saint, the female warrior of Charan caste of Deshnok (Bikaner), Shri Karani Mata.
UNKNOWN FACTS ABOUT MEHRANGARH FORT
Rao jodha also approved villages of chopasani and mathania to the two charan caste chief sardar, and sent both them deshnok for request to shree Karani mata to come to jodhpur. To make sure that the new site demonstrated favorable, they buried a alive man of meghwal (S.C) caste.
His name was rajarm meghwal,who offered himself to buried alive in the underlay (base). Beacause it was lucky in those days. Raja Ram Meghwal promised that in return his family would be taken care of by the Rathors. Till date his descendants live in Raj Bagh, the “Raja Ram Meghwal” garden.
Although the mehrangarh fort was started in year 1459 by Rao jodha, who founded jodhpur, Majority of the fort that standing today date from (1638-78) jaswantsingh`s period of Marwar. The Mehrangarh fort is located in centre of The Blue City (Jodhpur) and it’s spreading in more than 5 kilometer (3.1 Mile) on top of a highest hill.
The Mehrangarh fort’s wall is 118ft (36mtr) high, and 69ft (21mtr) wide, save some of the most beautiful forts and historic palaces in (Marwar) rajasthan. Mehrangarh fort was constructed by Khandwaliya (Stone Worker) and others also, khandwaliya community is a one of the oldest traditional stone worker who had knowldge of how to break big stone.
GATES OF MEHRANGARH FORT
Actually, in the initial phase there were only five gates but due to expansion of Jodhpur empire two more gates were added. At present there are totally seven gates to enter Mehrangarh Fort. Each gate has a specific significance and charm.
The names of the seven gates are Fateh Gate, Parrot Gate, Gopal Gate, Dedh Kamagara Gate, Bhairon Gate, Marty Gate and Loha Gate. Among them, some gates are very interesting with different facts and history. The first gate, Fateh Gate, means the symbol of victory and this gate is made of spikes and barbaric, which makes it easy to hit enemies.
This gate was built by Maharaja Ajit Singh for the strong security of the fort. If you visit the fifth and a half Kamagara Gate, you can imagine the cannon shots on the walls of the fort during the war with the kings of Jaipur. The sixth gate, Marty, is a large passage with guards.
The last gate iron gate led people to the main part of the fort. And you can see 36 hand marks of the wives of the Maharaja. Finally, the remaining three gates are the Gopal gates, the Bhairon gates and the Toati gates. But the Toati Gate was missing and the remaining two gates were filled with large guards.
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WHO IS BISHNOI COMMUNITY?
Bishnoi is a community in hindu religion in india. More than 525 year ago Guru jambheshwar bhagwan (Lord Vishnu) founded Bishnoi community in Samrathal Dhora Bikaner district rajasthan india. Guru Jambheshwar bhagwan (Lord Vishnu) given 29 principle to Bishnoi community.that’s
29 PRINCIPLE OF BISHNOI COMMUNITY
keep 30 days untouchability because during this 30 days develops mental and health fitness of mother and new born baby. and temporary untouchability in the family members for 30 days in case of new child birth.Meaning-
2. comply abstinence for 5 days, while a women or girl in her menstruation by do not allowed her for any work. Meaning- during menstruation a woman or girl should rest from work because in these days womans are more sensitive and they feels like uncomfortable and irritability so woman should rest in these days.
3.Bath early morning and everydayMeaning- During early morning the mental body of the human is in a stable condition. if a human bathes during early morning purity and holiness are created on the human body. so it is beneficial by science and ancients.
4. obey the ideal rule of life ; meekness Meaning – womans and mens should obey the rule of (sheel varta) piety. do not do robbery, do not do illegal sex and keep soft heart and follow the rule.
5. Be patience.Meaning – True patience as God enables you to make your score at a suitable time. so be patience in any situation and get better outcome.
6. Keep purifications.Meaning – keep pure your internal soul as well as externally.
7. Pray (Sandhya) everyday twicw a day. Meaning – Bishnoi should pray lord vishnu with cow ghee and dry cow dung (Havan) two times evryday morning and evening.it will make pure holi environment in home.
10. Filter water, milk and wood.Meaning – filter drinking and other usen water everyday, filter milk also before use because maybe any hair of cows fallen in milk so we should filter. filter fire wood before use because maybe any ant or insect in wood so do wood clean before burn fire.
29 PRINCIPLE OF BISHNOI COMMUNITY
11. Speak pure words in any situation.Meaning – everyday and in any situation we should speak pure words do not use any bad words.
12. Forgiveness and tolerance from the heart.Meaning – always forgive anyone do not be angry with anyone. and be tolerance always.
13. Do not steal and even do not think about it. Meaning – do not steal anything in whole life till die, and never keep thought in mind about steal and say to other people about it.
14. Do not criticise and condemn.Meaning – guruji said never criticise anybody in whole life and do not condemn.
15. Do not tell lie.Meaning – do not speak lie in any situation never.
16. Do not indulge in arguments or disputes.Meaning – do not waste your time in disputes and keep away from any type of arguments.
17. Keep fast on amavashya. Meaning – Keep fast at least once in a month because fast famously serve hygienic purposes of cleansing and purifying the stomach and body. 18. Worship Lord Vishnu daily and offer prayers. Meaning – everyday worship and prayer to lord vishnu because mind relax and holi environment.
19. Be merciful on all living beings and save all wild animals. Meaning – always be merciful with all types of living beings do not kill any type of living beings. And always save wild animal do not hunt wild animals. Bishnoi should save animal like ant to elephant do not kill any of.
20. Do not cut green trees and greenery, protect the environmrnts. Meaning – Do not cut any green trees and any greenery. Because if we cut green trees then we will have very less rain. And very less oxygen also so avoid to cut green trees and save environments.
29 PRINCIPLE OF BISHNOI COMMUNITY
21. crush lust, greed, anger and attachment. Meaning – never keep lust intent in the mind, and never do greed or covet. Do not be angry in any type of situation, and keep attachment with living beings.
22. Do not accept water or food from the mens who have yet not been started through paahaal. Meaning – Paahaal is a holy water that kept in clay pot with hawan (yagna). That holy water (paahaal) maked pure with chant of 120 stanza.
23. protect the slaughter animals like sheep, goats and cows. Meaning – Do not sale goats, sheeps and cows to slaughter house. because of todays Bishnoi do not have goats and sheeps in their house.
24. Do not sterilize the ox. Meaning – many year ago people was used ox as do farming and carrying goods so before use ox in these work ox should sterilize (cut testicle) because ox do not attract with cows. testicle cutting is a painful and torture on ox so Bishnoi do not do this thing.
25. Do not use opium. Meaning – opium is a poppy’s milk and it’s use as a drug addiction so Bishnoi shouldn’t use opium. 26. Do not use tobacco or smoke tobacco. Meaning – today doctors saying Tobacco is harmful for humans Tobacco causes cancer but 525 year ago Guru Jambheshwar Bhagwan said this thing to Bishnoi community that Tobacco causes cancer do not use or Smoke Tobacco.
28. Do not eat meat and do not drink wine. Meaning – everybody knows that this both things are very very bad so Bishnoi shouldn’t use this both things.
29. Do not use blue clothes. Meaning – Wearing blue clothes is banned because the dye for colouring them is received by cutting a large quantity of bushes. Present Prime Minister Of India Shri Narendra Modi gave the credit of Champion of Earth Award 2018 to Bishnoi Samaj.
Bishnoi village safari
If you would like to get an experience of real india, Bishnoi Village Safari is the attraction around jodhpur (The Blue City) surpassing for you. Bishnoi village in Jodhpur (The Blue City), Rajasthan is a natural beauty surrounded by khejri trees, black bucks and deer.
Guda bishnoi lake also in the Bishnoi village. this is a natural lake. this lake is a perfect picnic spot. if any person intrested in exotic wild animals and natural beauty should definitely visit this Bishnoi village. the Bishnoi community living in the Bishnoi village.
The villagers are hardcore worshipers of nature in all their forms, specially the sanctity of Trees and wild Animal life. Bishnoi community even worship to the Green Trees and Animals that living on their land.
Being exploited everywhere in the world but Bishnoi community make evry effort to protect the environment. As i wrote above in 29 principle that Bishnoi community worship Lord Vishnu and 100% Bishnoi people are Vegetarian.
you can see many migratory birds and Wild Animals like Blackbucks, Chinkaara and Domicile Cranes and many more birds. this lake is drinking point for Deers and Blackbucks of near by area. Bishnoi village Jodhpur (The Blue City) Rajasthan india located near desert.
Bishnoi community still living like past traditional life do not believe in modern life. in the Bishnoi village living another community also like Shaperd Family, Farmers Family, Potters Family and Weavers Family etc.
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UMAID BHAWAN PALACE
WHERE IS THE UMAID BHAWAN PALACE SITUATED ? –
The Palace is located in Jodhpur (The Blue City) in Rajasthan india. Umaid Bhawan Palace is a one of the world`s largest private Residdences. one part of the Umaid Bhawan Palace is operated by Taj Hotel india.
Who is the owner of Umaid Bhawan Palace?
How many rooms are there in Umaid Bhawan Palace?
The Umaid Bhawan Palace has 347 rooms and is the major residence of the former Jodhpur (The Blue City) Maharaja, Royal Family. one another part of the Umaid Bhawan Palace is a Jodhpur`s one of the best Museum.
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HISTORY OF THE UMAID BHAWAN PALACE
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WHO BUILT UMAID BHAWAN PALACE?
HOW MANY ROOMS IN UMAID BHAWAN PALACE?
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The Jaswant Thada is a beautiful cenotaph located in Jodhpur (The Blue City) in the Rajasthan state of india. The Jaswant thada was built by Maharaja Sardar Singh .Sardar Sigh was Maharaja of the Jodhpur region in year 1899.
Cenotaph was built from a big marble slab. These Marble sheets are extremely thin and shiny polished so that they sheets emit a warm shine (Gleam) when illuminated by the sun. in the Jaswant Thada cinotaph’s ground a carved gazebos, a small lake and a tiered garden.
There are three other small cinotaphs in the Jaswant Thada grounds. Maharaja Jaswant Singh’s cenotaph displays portraits (paintings) of the Royal Family rulers and Maharajas of Jodhpur (The Blue City) and Marwar. beacause of jaswant Thada is a one of the most famous palace for tourists.
GHANTA GHAR, also called as Clock Tower is located in Jodhpur rajasthan, india. The Ghanta Ghar was built by Maharaja Sardar Singh in year (1880-1911), so market taken the name from him. actually, The Clock Tower impacted the entire landscape.
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MANDORE GARDEN JODHPUR RAJASTHAN INDIA
Mandore is a pristine town, and pratiharas of Mandavayapuram was ruler of Mandore region in 6th century CE. A pratihara family was continue ruled the Mandore even after the dismission of pratihara-gurjar empire.
Rao Chunda Rathore married with a pratihara princess of Mandore region and get The Junagarh Fort in Dowry (Dahej), The Junagarh Fort served as Rao Chunda’s family’s capital till year 1459 CE, After that Rao Jodha transferred Mandore to the newly founded city of the Jodhpur (The Blue City).
In year 1427 Rao Ranmal Rathore was secured the throne of Mandore. in addition to rulling The Mandore region, Rao Ranmal Rathore also became the executor of Mewar region for help Maharana Mokal Singh (father of Rana Kumbha).
After the murder of Maharana Mokal in year 1433, Rao Ranmal continued as executor of Mewar region as the support of Rana Kumbha. in year 1438, Rana Kumbha decided to end the power sharing system and Rao Ranmal Rathore had killed in Chittor region and captured Mandore area.
Rao Ranmal Rathore’s son Rao Jodha fled toward marwad region. Around 700 horsemen also escaped with Rao Jodha from chittor. A valiant attempt to fight near Chittor and chase over the Someshwar Pass resulted in heavy losses among the warriors of Jodha.
When Rao Jodha reached Mandore he had only 7 people was with Rao Jodha. Rao Jodha tried 15 years for capture Mandore region again. finally Rao Jodha get oppportunity to strike in year 1453 with Rana Kumbha faced synchronous attack by the sultans of Gujarat and Malwa. Rao Jodha was made a surprise attack on Mandore region.
Rao Jodha’s army overwhelmed the enemies and captured Mandore region with easily. Rao Jodha and Rana Kumbha in the end quiet their differences so that they could face their usual enemies, the muslin ruler of Gujarat and Malwa.
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There is many Monuments in the ancient town Mandore. The now ruined Mandore fort, with its thick and big walls and sufficient size, the Mandore was built in several stages and was once a fine symbol of indian architecture. A huge temple is a major highlight of the Mandore Fort but now temple is ruined.
The outer wall of the temple depiction nicely carved botanical designs planets, animals and birds. The Mandore Garden have major attraction of memorials and Temples, and the garden located on high hill terraces so it’s also an other attraction. The Mandore Gardens house of the Cenotaphs (chhatris) of the many rulers of Jodhpur region.
Popular among these is the cenotaph (chhatri) of Maharaja Ajit Singh, it was built in year 1793. Lankeshwar (Ravan) Temple is an other major attraction of the Mandore Garden. It is considered to be the original residence of (Lankeshwar) Ravana’s wife. Ravana is considered son-in-law among some local residential Brahmins.
The Mandore Garden also house of a “Hall Of Heroes“, a government museum and a 33 crore gods Temple for Hindus. Various sculpture and artifacts found in the local area are housed at the government museum. The “Hall Of Heroes” souvenir of famous folk Heroes of the Jodhpur region.
It has 16 figures finely carved on a single huge rock piece. Next gate is a huge hall it known as “The Temple Of 33 Crore Gods” which houses sculpture of hindu gods and goddesses.
This region had gardens and palaces in ancient times made by two rules of Jodhpur region – Maharaja Takhat Singh and Maharaja Bhim Singh. Gardens and Palaces were destroyed for make Kaylana Lake.
OTHER TOURISM PALACES IN JODHPUR
- BALSAMAND LAKE
- MANDALESHWAR MAHADEV TEMPLE (MANDALNATH)
- RATANADA GANESH TEMPLE
- AUVA FORT
- MASURIYA HILL
- ISCKON TEMPLE
- SARDAR SAMAND LAKE
- SARDAR SAMAND MAHAL
- VEER DURGADAS MEMORIAL AND MESUEM
- BHIM BHARAKA CAVE